Dosimetric comparison of normal structures associated with accelerated partial breast irradiation and whole breast irradiation delivered by intensity modulated radiotherapy for early breast cancer after breast conserving surgery

S Wu, Z He, J Guo, F Li, Q Lin, X Guan
Clinical & Translational Oncology 2014, 16 (1): 69-76

PURPOSE: To assess the heart and lung dosimetry results associated with accelerated partial breast irradiation intensity-modulated radiotherapy (APBI-IMRT) and whole breast field-in-field intensity-modulated radiotherapy (WBI-FIF-IMRT).

METHODS: A total of 29 patients with early-stage breast cancer after lumpectomy were included in this study. APBI-IMRT and WBI-FIF-IMRT plans were generated for each patient. The dosimetric parameters of ipsilateral lung and heart in both plans were then compared with and without radiobiological correction.

RESULTS: With and without radiobiological correction, the volume of ipsilateral lung showed a substantially lower radiation exposure in APBI-IMRT with moderate to high doses (P < 0.05) but non-significant increases in volume of ipsilateral lung in 2.5 Gy than WBI-FIF-IMRT (P > 0.905).There was no significant difference in volume of ipsilateral lung receiving 1, 2.5, and 5 Gy between APBI-IMRT and WBI (P > 0.05) in patients with medial tumor location, although APBI-IMRT exposed more lung to 2.5 and 5 Gy. APBI-IMRT significantly decreases the volume of heart receiving low to high doses in left-sided breast cancer (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSION: APBI-IMRT can significantly spare the volume of heart and ipsilateral lung receiving moderate and high dose. Non-significant increases in volume of the ipsilateral lung exposed to low doses of radiation were observed for APBI-IMRT in comparison to WBI-FIF-IMRT, particularly in patients with medial tumor location. With the increasing interest in APBI-IMRT, our data may help clinicians individualize patient treatment decisions.

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