COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Dosimetric comparison of normal structures associated with accelerated partial breast irradiation and whole breast irradiation delivered by intensity modulated radiotherapy for early breast cancer after breast conserving surgery

S Wu, Z He, J Guo, F Li, Q Lin, X Guan
Clinical & Translational Oncology 2014, 16 (1): 69-76
23615981

PURPOSE: To assess the heart and lung dosimetry results associated with accelerated partial breast irradiation intensity-modulated radiotherapy (APBI-IMRT) and whole breast field-in-field intensity-modulated radiotherapy (WBI-FIF-IMRT).

METHODS: A total of 29 patients with early-stage breast cancer after lumpectomy were included in this study. APBI-IMRT and WBI-FIF-IMRT plans were generated for each patient. The dosimetric parameters of ipsilateral lung and heart in both plans were then compared with and without radiobiological correction.

RESULTS: With and without radiobiological correction, the volume of ipsilateral lung showed a substantially lower radiation exposure in APBI-IMRT with moderate to high doses (P < 0.05) but non-significant increases in volume of ipsilateral lung in 2.5 Gy than WBI-FIF-IMRT (P > 0.905).There was no significant difference in volume of ipsilateral lung receiving 1, 2.5, and 5 Gy between APBI-IMRT and WBI (P > 0.05) in patients with medial tumor location, although APBI-IMRT exposed more lung to 2.5 and 5 Gy. APBI-IMRT significantly decreases the volume of heart receiving low to high doses in left-sided breast cancer (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSION: APBI-IMRT can significantly spare the volume of heart and ipsilateral lung receiving moderate and high dose. Non-significant increases in volume of the ipsilateral lung exposed to low doses of radiation were observed for APBI-IMRT in comparison to WBI-FIF-IMRT, particularly in patients with medial tumor location. With the increasing interest in APBI-IMRT, our data may help clinicians individualize patient treatment decisions.

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