JOURNAL ARTICLE

Zenith p-branch standard fenestrated endovascular graft for juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms

Atsushi Kitagawa, Roy K Greenberg, Matthew J Eagleton, Tara M Mastracci
Journal of Vascular Surgery 2013, 58 (2): 291-300
23611709

OBJECTIVE: This article reports the early clinical outcomes and experiences of Zenith pivot branch device (p-branch) standard fenestrated endovascular graft (Cook, Bloomington, Ind) for treating juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) originating below the superior mesenteric artery (SMA).

METHODS: A physician-sponsored investigational device exemption study was used to assess enrolled elective and emergency patients from August 2011 to September 2012 for treatment with an off-the-shelf Zenith p-branch device. Patients were included provided an anatomic seal could be established 4 mm below the SMA and the renal geometry fit the protocol based on reconstructed computed tomography data. The celiac artery was addressed with a scallop and the SMA with an 8-mm fenestration. The renal fenestrations were constructed as a modified design to allow a range of renal locations (7.5 mm radially from the center of the fenestration) to be acceptably treated with a single configuration. Two anatomic configurations were created for renal arteries (origins at the same level, or disparate renal arteries with left lower than right). Outcomes are reported in coherence with endovascular reporting standards documents.

RESULTS: The study enrolled 16 patients (94% men; median age, 75 years [range, 59-87 years]) with a mean aneurysm size of 61 mm (range, 52-82 mm). Two were treated for aneurysm rupture. Technical success was achieved in all patients. The median fluoroscopy time was 62 minutes (range, 38-105 minutes), and the amount of contrast media was 69 mL (range, 31-121 mL). There were no aortic-related deaths, aneurysm ruptures, open surgical conversion, or type I/III endoleaks. One right renal artery occluded during follow-up in the setting of a conically shaped visceral aortic segment and was successfully treated with endovascular recanalization.

CONCLUSIONS: The use of the p-branch device for aneurysms originating infra-SMA is associated with a high rate of technical success and minimal problems during the short follow-up duration. The off-the-shelf design allows for the treatment of ruptures and other urgent situations. Additional patients and more follow-up will be required to further define the risks and benefits of such a treatment strategy.

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