COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL

Noradrenaline vs terlipressin in the treatment of type 2 hepatorenal syndrome: a randomized pilot study

Saubhik Ghosh, Narendra S Choudhary, Arun K Sharma, Baljinder Singh, Pradeep Kumar, Ritesh Agarwal, Navneet Sharma, Ashish Bhalla, Yogesh K Chawla, Virendra Singh
Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver 2013, 33 (8): 1187-93
23601499

BACKGROUND: Various vasoconstrictors have shown promising results in the management of type 1 hepatorenal syndrome (HRS). However, there are very few studies on vasopressors in the management of type 2 HRS. Terlipressin has been used commonly; however, it is costly and not available in some countries. In this study, we evaluated the safety and efficacy of terlipressin and noradrenaline in the treatment of type 2 HRS.

METHODS: Forty-six patients with type 2 HRS were managed with terlipressin (group A, N = 23) or noradrenaline (Group B, N = 23) with albumin in a randomized controlled trial at a tertiary centre.

RESULTS: HRS reversal could be achieved in 17(73.9%) patients in group A as well as in group B (P = 1.0). Univariate analysis showed that the baseline model of end-stage liver disease score, urine output, urinary sodium, serum creatinine and mean arterial pressure were associated with response. However, in multivariate analysis only baseline serum creatinine, urine output and urinary sodium were associated with the response. Eight patients in group A and 9 in group B died within 90 days of follow-up (P > 0.05). Noradrenaline was less expensive than terlipressin (P < 0.05). No major adverse effects were seen.

CONCLUSIONS: The results of this randomized study suggest that terlipressin and noradrenaline are safe and effective in the treatment of type 2 HRS and baseline serum creatinine, urine output and urinary sodium are predictive of response. Noradrenaline is less expensive than terlipressin in the treatment of type 2 HRS (ClinicalTrials.gov, Number NCT01637454).

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
23601499
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"