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Clinical characteristics and causality of eye lid laceration in iran.

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the etiological characteristics and visual outcomes of ocular trauma with more attention to eyelid laceration.

METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, 98 cases of isolated traumatic eyelid laceration were consecutively studied and its epidemiology, etiology and association with visual outcome were evaluated. The findings of this study could be used to develop healthcare related precautions and work place safety recommendations.

RESULTS: Of the 98 patients included in the study, men exhibited a greater vulnerability and they were mostly aged around 29 years old. In terms of the place of trauma, 40 (43.5%) cases occurred in the street, 27 cases (29.3%) occurred at home, and 17 cases (18.5%) occurred at the workplace, while 4 cases (4.3%) happened in entertaining environments like parks. For 3 patients (3.3%), the incident took place at a public pathway, and in 1 patient (1.1%), the case occurred at school. As the most common cause of trauma, 41 patients (42.3%) had an object hit their eyes. In addition, assaults were a major cause of injury. The right eye and the upper lid were also the most common sites of injuries. Although no blindness occurred due to trauma causing eyelid laceration, the visual outcomes were correlated with severity of the incident defined based on the presence of open globe injuries.

CONCLUSION: This study could possibly highlight the risk factors of eyelid laceration and provide the healthcare community with the essential recommendations regarding the safety precautions in dangerous settings, including daily / routine work places.

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