JOURNAL ARTICLE

[Expressions of bone morphogenetic protein 2 and runt-related transcription factor 2 and microarchitecture of trabecular bone periacetabula in adult patients with developmental dysplasia of hip]

Ruiyu Liu, Kunzheng Wang, Yongwei Li, Chuanyi Bai, Chunsheng Wang, Xiaoqian Dang
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery 2013, 27 (2): 173-7
23596684

OBJECTIVE: To explore the expressions of bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2) and runt-related transcription facotr 2 (Runx2) and microarchitecture of trabecular bone periacetabula in adult patients with developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH).

METHODS: Between March and September 2008, the trabecular bone periacetabulum was collected from 8 patients with DDH who were scheduled for total hip arthroplasty (aged 37-55 years, 3 males and 5 females, trial group) and from 8 patients with avascular necrosis of the femoral head (Ficat stage II) who were scheduled for hip resurfacing arthroplasty (aged 36-55 years, 3 males and 5 females, control group). The expressions of BMP-2 and Runx2 in the trabecular bone were determined by real-time quantitative PCR, and the microarchitecture was observed by micro-CT and the following parameters were determined: bone volume/total volume (BV/TV), connectivity density (Conn.Dens), trabecular number (Tb.N), trabecular thickness (Tb.Th), trabecular separation (Tb.Sp), and structure model index (SMI).

RESULTS: The expressions of BMP-2 and Runx2 were significantly lower in trial group than in control group (P < 0.05). The micro-CT showed sparse trabecular bone in trial group and dense trabecular bone in control group. BV/TV and Tb.N in trial group were significantly lower than those in control group, and SMI and Tb.Sp in trial group were significantly higher than those in control group (P < 0.05); there was no significant difference in Conn.Dens and Tb.Th between 2 groups (P > 0.05).

CONCLUSION: The trabecular bone is in a low metabolism condition and its microarchitecture is tendency to be osteoporosis trabecualr bone in adult patients with DDH. It may be related with the acetabular component loosening after total hip arthroplasty.

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