Robot-guided convection-enhanced delivery of carboplatin for advanced brainstem glioma

N U Barua, S P Lowis, M Woolley, S O'Sullivan, R Harrison, S S Gill
Acta Neurochirurgica 2013, 155 (8): 1459-65

BACKGROUND: Patients with diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) have a poor prognosis with median survival reported as 9 months. The failure of systemic chemotherapy to improve prognosis may be due to inadequate penetration of the blood-brain barrier (BBB). Convection-enhanced delivery (CED) has the potential to improve outcomes by facilitating bypass of the BBB. We describe the first use of carboplatin for the treatment of advanced DIPG using a robot-guided catheter implantation technique.

METHODS: A 5-year-old boy presented with a pontine mass lesion. The tumor continued to progress despite radiotherapy. Using an in-house modification to neuroinspire stereotactic planning software (Renishaw Plc., Gloucestershire, UK), the tumor volume was calculated as 43.6 ml. A transfrontal trajectory for catheter implantation was planned facilitating the in-house manufacture of a recessed-step catheter. The catheter was implanted using a neuromate robot (Renishaw Plc., Gloucestershire, UK). The initial infusion of carboplatin (0.09 mg/ml) was commenced with real-time T2-weighted MRI, facilitating estimation of the volume of infusate distribution. Infusions were repeated on a total of 5 days.

RESULTS: The catheter implantation and infusions were well tolerated. A total volume of 49.8 ml was delivered over 5 days. T2-weighted MRI on completion of the final infusion demonstrated signal change through a total volume of 35.1 ml, representing 95 % of the targeted tumor volume. Follow-up at 4 weeks revealed clinical signs of improvement and increased T2 signal change throughout the volume of distribution. However, there was tumor progression in the regions outside the volume of distribution.

CONCLUSIONS: This case demonstrates the feasibility of accurately and safely delivering small-diameter catheters to the brainstem using a robot-guided implantation procedure, and real-time MRI tracking of infusate distribution.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"