Removal and recovery of copper and nickel ions from aqueous solution by poly(methacrylamide-co-acrylic acid)/montmorillonite nanocomposites

Aboulfazl Barati, Mahdieh Asgari, Taghi Miri, Zohreh Eskandari
Environmental Science and Pollution Research International 2013, 20 (9): 6242-55
Nanocomposite hydrogels based on poly(methacrylamide-co-acrylic acid) and nano-sized montmorillonite were prepared by aqueous dispersion and in situ radical polymerization. Optimum sorption conditions were determined as a function of montmorillonite content, contact time, pH, and temperature. The equilibrium data of Cu(2+) and Ni(2+) conformed to the Freundlich and Langmuir isotherms in terms of relatively high regression values. The maximum monolayer adsorption capacity of the nanocomposite hydrogel (with 3 wt% montmorillonite content), as obtained from the Langmuir adsorption isotherm, was found to be 49.26 and 46.94 mg g(-1) for Cu(2+) and Ni(2+), respectively, at contact time = 60 min, pH = 6.8, adsorbent dose = 100 mg/ml, and temperature = 318 K. Kinetic studies of single system indicated that the pseudo-second order is the best fit with a high correlation coefficient (R (2) = 0.97-0.99). The result of five times sequential adsorption-desorption cycle shows a good degree of desorption and a high adsorption efficiency.

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