JOURNAL ARTICLE

The impact of acute kidney injury on midterm outcomes after coronary artery bypass graft surgery: a matched propensity score analysis

Sean Gallagher, Dan A Jones, Matthew J Lovell, Sevda Hassan, Andrew Wragg, Akhil Kapur, Rakesh Uppal, Muhammad M Yaqoob
Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 2014, 147 (3): 989-95
23587469

BACKGROUND: The development of acute kidney injury (AKI) after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery is associated with increased short- and long-term mortality. Whether AKI has a causal relationship with subsequent mortality or whether the development of AKI simply occurs in patients with more comorbidity undergoing more complex procedures remains unresolved.

METHODS AND RESULTS: This was an observational cohort study of prospectively collected data from 4694 patients discharged from the hospital after first-time CABG surgery at a tertiary cardiac center between 2003 and 2008. AKI was defined using the Risk, Injury, Failure, Loss, and End stage (RIFLE) criteria, which require at least a 50% increase in serum creatinine. The primary outcome measure was all-cause mortality determined via UK Office of National Statistics. A total of 562 (12.0%) of patients developed AKI after CABG surgery. Patients who developed AKI were older, more likely to be female, and had more comorbidity than patients who did not develop AKI. In a Cox multivariable analysis, the development of AKI was an independent predictor of midterm mortality (hazard ratio, 1.80; 95% confidence interval, 1.50-2.16). Subsequently, a comparison of 562 patients who sustained AKI with 562 propensity score-matched patients who did not sustain AKI was undertaken. After propensity matching, baseline clinical and operative characteristics were similar between both groups. After Cox multivariable analysis of the propensity-matched cohort, AKI remained an independent predictor of midterm mortality (hazard ratio, 1.52; 95% confidence interval, 1.19-1.93).

CONCLUSIONS: The development of AKI after CABG is a serious event associated with worse midterm survival. This excess mortality cannot be explained simply by coexisting comorbidity and surgical complexity.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
23587469
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"