Role of 5-HT₁B/₁D receptors in the reduction of formalin-induced nociception and secondary allodynia/hyperalgesia produced by antimigraine drugs in rats

Beatriz Godínez-Chaparro, Francisco J López-Santillán, Carlos F Argüelles, Carlos M Villalón, Vinicio Granados-Soto
Life Sciences 2013 June 13, 92 (22): 1046-54

AIMS: The present study analyzed the potential antinociceptive effect of the antimigraine drugs sumatriptan, dihydroergotamine or methysergide in rats submitted to the formalin test. Moreover, by using selective antagonists, the role of 5-HT1B/1D serotonergic receptors was investigated in the antinociception induced by these antimigraine drugs.

MAIN METHODS: The formalin test was used to assess the nociceptive activity. Overt pain-like behavior (flinching, 1h) and evoked nociception (long-lasting secondary mechanical allodynia and hyperalgesia, 6 days) were determined in the same rat.

KEY FINDINGS: Ipsilateral, but not contralateral, pre-treatment (in μg/paw) with sumatriptan (10-300), methysergide (1-30) or dihydroergotamine (1-30) significantly prevented flinching behavior (at 1h) as well as secondary allodynia and hyperalgesia (at day 6) induced by formalin. Interestingly, the antinociceptive (flinching), antiallodynic and antihyperalgesic effects of sumatriptan were completely prevented by peripheral pre-treatment with selective antagonists at the 5-HT1B (SB 224289; 100) or 5-HT1D (BRL 15572; 100) receptors. In contrast, the acute antinociceptive effects of methysergide and dihydroergotamine were partially prevented by SB 224289 and BRL 15572. The antiallodynic and antihyperalgesic effects of both drugs were completely prevented by BRL 15572 and partially prevented by SB 224289. Given alone, SB 224289 or BRL 15572 did not modify per se the long-lasting secondary allodynia and hyperalgesia.

SIGNIFICANCE: The above findings suggest that: (i) the antimigraine drugs sumatriptan, methysergide and dihydroergotamine reduce the acute and chronic nociception induced by formalin; and (ii) this antinociceptive effect results from activation of peripheral 5-HT1B/1D serotonergic receptors.

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