JOURNAL ARTICLE

The role of Cockayne syndrome group A (CSA) protein in transcription-coupled nucleotide excision repair

Masafumi Saijo
Mechanisms of Ageing and Development 2013, 134 (5): 196-201
23571135
Nucleotide excision repair (NER) removes a variety of DNA lesions, including ultraviolet-induced cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers. NER comprises two subpathways: transcription-coupled NER (TC-NER) and global genome NER. TC-NER efficiently removes lesions from the transcribed strands of active genes. Mutations in Cockayne syndrome groups A and B genes (CSA and CSB) result in defective TC-NER. In mammalian cells, TC-NER is presumably initiated by the arrest of RNA polymerase II at a lesion on the transcribed strand of an active gene, but the molecular mechanism underlying TC-NER remains unclear. The CSA protein has seven WD40 repeat motifs and beta-propeller architecture. A protein complex consisting of CSA, DDB1, cullin 4A, and Roc1 exhibits ubiquitin ligase activity. The role of CSA protein in TC-NER is described in this review.

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