MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search
OPEN IN READ APP
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Predictors for hemorrhagic transformation with intravenous tissue plasminogen activator in acute ischemic stroke

Yusuke Moriya, Wakoh Takahashi, Chikage Kijima, Sachiko Yutani, Eri Iijima, Atsushi Mizuma, Kazunari Honma, Tsuyoshi Uesugi, Yoichi Ohnuki, Eiichirou Nagata, Noriharu Yanagimachi, Shunya Takizawa
Tokai Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine 2013, 38 (1): 24-7
23564572
We examined the predictive value of clinical and radiological findings, including cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) seen in gradient-echo T2*-weighted magnetic resonance images, for hemorrhagic transformation (HT) following ischemic stroke, in ischemic stroke patients treated with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA). The subjects were 71 patients with acute ischemic stroke treated with rt-PA (50 males, 21 females; mean age±standard deviation 73±10 years; 53 cardiogenic stroke, 18 atherothrombotic). HT on computed tomography (CT)(mean: 24 hours after onset) was seen in 26 (37%) subjects. The mean Alberta stroke programme early CT score on diffusion-weighted images (ASPECTS-DWI) score was significantly lower in the group with HT than that in the group without HT (6.5±2.3 vs 8.4±1.6, P<0.001). Prevalence of CMBs was not significantly different between the groups with and without HT. Relative risk of various factors for appearance of HT was evaluated by logistic regression analysis. Increased ASPECTS-DWI score showed a significantly reduced relative risk for HT (odds ratio: 0.54, 95% confidence interval: 0.33-0.87), while the influence of CMBs (1.22, 0.23-6.53) was not significant. In conclusion, ASPECTS-DWI score (a measure of the volume of ischemic tissue) is a useful marker for predicting HT. On the other hand, CMBs on T2*-weighted images may not be predictive for HT in patients treated with intravenous rt-PA.

Comments

You need to log in or sign up for an account to be able to comment.

No comments yet, be the first to post one!

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
23564572
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"