A prospective randomized controlled trial of plantar versus dorsal incisions for operative treatment of primary Morton's neuroma

Christian Akermark, Hans Crone, Anne Skoog, Lars Weidenhielm
Foot & Ankle International 2013, 34 (9): 1198-204

BACKGROUND: There are a great number of studies on the outcome of surgery for Morton's neuroma. However, there is a lack of controlled trials to determine the outcome in general and for the 2 most used surgical approaches. This prospective and randomized trial studied the outcome and adverse events of resected primary Morton's neuromas, comparing plantar and dorsal incisions.

METHODS: Seventy-six patients were randomized to treatment with either a plantar or a dorsal incision by 2 senior surgeons. Questionnaires were evaluated and physical examinations performed at baseline and at 3 and 12 months postoperatively by the treating surgeon and at a mean of 34 months (range, 28-42 months) by an independent surgeon. The follow-up rate was 93%.

RESULTS: Histological examination of specimens verified resection of nerves in all cases except 1, which was in the dorsal group (artery). The main outcome variable, pain at daily activities, was significantly reduced by 96% (plantar) and 97% (dorsal) and restrictions in daily activities were reduced by 77% (plantar) and 67% (dorsal) at the final follow-up. Scar tenderness was noted by 3% (plantar) and 0% (dorsal) at the final evaluation. Clinically good results with surgery were noted in 87% (plantar) and 83% (dorsal) of cases. There were 5 complications in the plantar group and 6 in the dorsal group, with a difference in type of complications.

CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated 87% (plantar) and 83% (dorsal) clinically good outcomes and no significant differences between the procedures in regard to pain, restrictions in daily activities, and scar tenderness. However, there was a difference between the groups in the type of complications.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level I, prospective randomized trial.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.