REVIEW
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Pitfalls in repair of conotruncal anomalies.

Despite a wide anatomic diversity, the complete repair of all conotruncal anomalies includes two surgical steps. 1) An intracardiac tunnel is created to connect the left ventricle to one of the arterial orifices (usually the aortic, sometimes the pulmonary), through the conoventricular ventricular septal defect. Any conal septum should be resected to create a short, large, and straight tunnel. Abnormal insertions of the atrioventricular valves (tricuspid and mitral) on the conal septum should be preserved. "Intramural" residual ventricular septal defects must be avoided by anchoring the intracardiac patch directly to the arterial annulus. 2) To connect the right ventricle to the pulmonary artery, either an intracardiac or an extracardiac reconstruction is carried out, according to the distance between the tricuspid valve and the pulmonary orifice. When extracardiac reconstruction is indicated, it is usually performed without prosthetic conduit (with or without French maneuver, eventually using the left atrial appendage). In most patients, complete repair can be performed as a primary operation during infancy.

Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app