JOURNAL ARTICLE

Calf bioimpedance spectroscopy for determination of dry weight in hemodialysis patients: effects on hypertension and left ventricular hypertrophy

Eric Seibert, Stephan G Müller, Peter Fries, Johanna Pattmöller, Oliver Kuss, Gunnar H Heine, Matthias Girndt, Günther Schneider, Peter Kotanko, Fansan Zhu, Nathan W Levin, Martin K Kuhlmann
Kidney & Blood Pressure Research 2013, 37 (1): 58-67
23548813

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Dry weight estimation in hemodialysis patients is still a substantial problem. Despite meticulous clinical assessment, fluid overload is common, leading to hypertension and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). Segmental calf bioimpedance spectroscopy (cBIS) is a novel tool for dry weight assessment. Here we tested the hypothesis, that its clinical routine use reduces arterial hypertension and left ventricular mass.

METHODS: Left ventricular mass (determined by magnetic resonance imaging), blood pressure and antihypertensive medication (defined daily doses, ddd) were assessed at baseline (BL). Thereafter post-dialytic target weight was reduced until cBIS-defined dry weight was reached (DW). During a 6-month follow up, DW was re-evaluated monthly by cBIS and end-dialytic weight was adjusted correspondingly. At the end, left ventricular mass, blood pressure and antihypertensive medication were determined a 3rd time (follow-up, FU).

RESULTS: Eleven out of 15 patients were available for analysis after 6 months. Left ventricular mass showed a declining trend during the study period (Mean±SD; BL 145±54 g; DW 142±55 g; FU 137±52 g; p=0.61, linear mixed model). Comparable results were obtained for systolic blood pressure (BL 158±18 mmHg; DW 144±19 mmHg; FU 149±21 mmHg; p=0.07), and antihypertensive medication (BL 3.28±2.82ddd; DW 2.86±2.81ddd; FU 3.36±3.05ddd; p=0.37).

CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that attainment of dry weight assessed by cBIS tends to reduce left ventricular mass and blood pressure while antihypertensive medication remains unchanged. While the study was underpowered, its results provide an important hypothesis generating data basis for the design of larger studies.

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