Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
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The putative JAK-STAT inhibitor AG490 exacerbates LPS-fever, reduces sickness behavior, and alters the expression of pro- and anti-inflammatory genes in the rat brain.

Neuropharmacology 2013 August
The functional significance for activation of inflammatory transcription factors, such as signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT3), nuclear factor (NF)κB or NF-interleukin (IL)6 and their contribution to the induction of brain controlled sickness responses, such as fever, during infection and inflammation is unknown. Using AG490, previously shown to inhibit the STAT3- and NF-IL6-signaling pathway, we therefore investigated the central involvement of these two signaling pathways in mediating sickness behavior, fever and accompanying brain inflammation induced by peripheral lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulation. Rats pre-treated i.c.v. with AG490 1 h before the i.p. LPS-challenge (100 μg/kg) showed a modestly exaggerated fever, attenuated adipsia and almost unimpaired locomotor activity compared to LPS-controls receiving vehicle (i.c.v.). The LPS-induced anorexia was not altered and AG490 did not have any effect on rats receiving PBS (i.p.). We did observe effects of AG490 on STAT3-signaling at 4 h, while AG490-mediated changes in brain activity of inflammatory transcription factors at 8 h were not significant. Increased NF-IL6 and suppressor of cytokines 3 mRNA-expression in AG490/LPS-treated rats were indicative of a compensative activation at 24 h. Moreover, a significant decrease in hypothalamic anti-inflammatory IL-10-expression and an increase in inflammatory microsomal prostaglandin E synthase (mPGES) mRNA-expression 8 h after LPS-injection was revealed in AG490 pre-treated animals compared to solvent-treated LPS-controls. In summary, we have shown a dissociation between the effects of central AG490 treatment on fever and components of sickness behavior, which appears to be related to reduced IL-10 and increased mPGES-expression in the brain. Thus, AG490 might have therapeutic potential to reduce sickness behavior.

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