MYD88 L265P mutation in Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia

Stéphanie Poulain, Christophe Roumier, Audrey Decambron, Aline Renneville, Charles Herbaux, Elisabeth Bertrand, Sabine Tricot, Agnès Daudignon, Sylvie Galiègue-Zouitina, Valerie Soenen, Olivier Theisen, Nathalie Grardel, Olivier Nibourel, Catherine Roche-Lestienne, Bruno Quesnel, Patrick Duthilleul, Claude Preudhomme, Xavier Leleu
Blood 2013 May 30, 121 (22): 4504-11
Mutation of the MYD88 gene has recently been identified in activated B-cell-like diffuse cell lymphoma and enhanced Janus kinase/signal transducer and activator of transcription (JAK-STAT) and nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) signaling pathways. A whole exome-sequencing study of Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia (WM) suggested a high frequency of MYD88 L265P mutation in WM. The genetic background is not fully deciphered in WM, although the role of NF-κB and JAK-STAT has been demonstrated. We analyzed MYD88 mutation in exon 5 and characterized the clinical significance of this genetic alteration in 67 WM patients. Clinical features; immunophenotypic markers; and conventional cytogenetic, fluorescence in situ hybridization, and single nucleotide polymorphism array data were analyzed. MYD88 L265P mutation was acquired in 79% of patients. Overall, we have identified alteration of the MYD88 locus in 91% of WM patients, including 12% with gain on chromosome 3 at the 3p22 locus that included the MYD88 gene. Patients with absence of MYD88 mutation were WM characterized with a female predominance, a splenomegaly, gain of chromosome 3, and CD27 expression. Importantly, inhibition of MYD88 signaling induced cytotoxicity and inhibited cell growth of cell lines issued from patients with WM. In conclusion, these results confirm a high frequency of MYD88 L265P mutation in WM. The discovery of MYD88 L265P mutation may contribute to a better understanding of the physiopathogeny of WM.

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