Role of TRPM2 cation channels in dorsal root ganglion of rats after experimental spinal cord injury

Mustafa Naziroğlu, Abdülhadi Cihangir Uğuz, Özgür Ismailoğlu, Bilal Çiğ, Cemil Özgül, Muhammed Borcak
Muscle & Nerve 2013, 48 (6): 945-50

INTRODUCTION: We sought to determine the contribution of oxidative stress-dependent activation of TRPM2 and L-type voltage-gated Ca(2+) channels (VGCC) in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons of rats after spinal cord injury (SCI).

METHODS: The rats were divided into 4 groups: control; sham control; SCI; and SCI+nimodipine groups. The neurons of the SCI groups were also incubated with non-specific TRPM2 channel blockers, 2-aminoethoxydiphenylborate (2-APB) and N-(p-amylcinnamoyl)anthranilic acid (ACA), before H2 O2 stimulation.

RESULTS: The [Ca(2+) ]i concentrations were higher in the SCI group than in the control groups, although their concentrations were decreased by nimodipine and 2-APB. The H2 O2 -induced TRPM2 current densities in patch-clamp experiments were decreased by ACA and 2-APB incubation. In the nimodipine group, the TRPM2 channels of neurons were not activated by H2 O2 or cumene hydroperoxide.

CONCLUSIONS: Increased Ca(2+) influx and currents in DRG neurons after spinal injury indicated TRPM2 and voltage-gated Ca(2+) channel activation.

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