COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL

Comparison of switch to the highest dose of rosuvastatin vs. add-on nicotinic acid vs. add-on fenofibrate for mixed dyslipidaemia

A Kei, E N Liberopoulos, D P Mikhailidis, M Elisaf
International Journal of Clinical Practice 2013, 67 (5): 412-9
23510018

BACKGROUND: Use of a statin at a standard dose may be insufficient for the treatment of mixed dyslipidaemia. Whether switch to the highest dose of rosuvastatin (40 mg) or add-on nicotinic acid (NA) or fenofibrate is more efficacious remains unknown.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a prospective, randomised, open-label, blinded end-point (PROBE) study. We recruited 100 patients with mixed dyslipidaemia who were treated with a statin at a standard dose but had not achieved lipid targets. Patients were randomised to switch to the highest approved dose of rosuvastatin (40 mg), add-on extended release nicotinic acid (ER-NA)/l-aropiprant (LRPT) or to add-on micronised fenofibrate for 3 months. The primary end-point was the change in non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C) levels.

RESULTS: Ninety patients completed the study. Non-HDL-C decreased in all groups (by 23, 24 and 7% in the rosuvastatin, ER-NA/LRPT and fenofibrate group, respectively, p < 0.01 for all compared with baseline and p < 0.01 for all compared with fenofibrate group). Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) decreased by 23 and 19% in the rosuvastatin and ER-NA/LRPT group, respectively (p < 0.01 compared with baseline), but not in the add-on fenofibrate group. Add-on ER-NA/LRPT was associated with the greatest HDL-C increase, while add-on ER-NA/LRPT and add-on fenofibrate were associated with the greatest triglyceride decrease. Twenty-four per cent of patients initially randomised to add-on ER-NA/LRPT dropped out because of side effects.

CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, switch to the highest dose of rosuvastatin and add-on ER-NA/LRPT may be better options compared with add-on fenofibrate for the management of patients with mixed dyslipidaemia not on treatment goals with a statin at a standard dose.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
23510018
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"