Single-port versus multiport laparoscopic ileocecal resection for Crohn's disease

Tjibbe J Gardenbroek, Tessa Verlaan, Pieter J Tanis, Cyriel Y Ponsioen, Geert R A M D'Haens, Christianne J Buskens, Willem A Bemelman
Journal of Crohn's & Colitis 2013, 7 (10): e443-8

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Several case series have demonstrated the feasibility of single-port laparoscopic ileocecal resection in Crohn's disease. However, only a few studies compared the single-port with a multiport laparoscopic ileocecal approach. The aim of this study was to compare short term surgical outcome parameters between single-port and multiport laparoscopic ileocecal resections for Crohn's disease.

METHODS: Twenty-one patients who underwent single-port laparoscopic ileocecal resection between March 2010 and September 2012 were prospectively registered. A matched comparison on a 1:2 basis was performed with patients who underwent multiport laparoscopic ileocecal resection from January 1999 to March 2010. Matching parameters were BMI, length of diseased bowel resected and the presence of fistulas. Endpoints were the length of postoperative hospital stay, operative time, conversions, complications, postoperative pain scores and postoperative analgesia consumption.

RESULTS: Twenty-one patients undergoing single-port resection were matched to 42 patients undergoing multiport resection. The postoperative stay (4 days, iqr 4-5 vs. 5 days, iqr 4-6; p=0.033), operative time (103 min, iqr 94.0-121.0 vs. 123.5 min, iqr 100.0-157.0; p=0.036) and morphine use on the first postoperative day (12.5 mg, iqr 5.0-33.3 vs. 28 mg, 15.0-50.0; p=0.012) differed significantly. Postoperative pain scores and complications were similar in both groups. This study was limited by potential selection bias.

CONCLUSIONS: Single-port laparoscopic ileocecal resection is safe and feasible in Crohn's disease and is associated with less need for pain medication postoperatively as opposed to multiport laparoscopic ileocecal resection.

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