JOURNAL ARTICLE

Short-term effect of TVT-SECUR procedure on quality of life and sexual function in women with stress urinary incontinence

Xiang Tang, Lan Zhu, Wen Zhong, Bin Li, Jinghe Lang
Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology 2013, 20 (4): 455-9
23506715

STUDY OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether patient quality of life and sexual function are improved after the tension-free vaginal tape SECUR (TVT-S) procedure (H-type).

DESIGN: Prospective study (Canadian Task Force classification II-3).

SETTING: Single-center hospital.

PATIENTS: Thirty-three women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI) (high urethral mobility) and no concomitant pelvic floor prolapse underwent TVT-S between October 2009 and October 2011.

INTERVENTION: TVT-S procedure.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Before and after surgery(6 and 12 months), all patients completed the Chinese version of the Incontinence Quality of Life Questionnaire (I-QOL). In addition, 28 sexually active patients who underwent the TVT-S procedure completed the short-form Pelvic Organ Prolapse/Urinary Incontinence Sexual Function Questionnaire (PISQ-12) before and after surgery (6 and 12 months). We used a paired t test to compare I-QOL scores before and after surgery. The Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to compare the preoperative and postoperative PISQ scores. The objective cure rate was 78% (26 of 33 patients) at 12 months after surgery. The objective improvement rate was 12.1% (4 of 33 patients). The subjective satisfaction rate was 90%. Three operations (9.1%) were considered failures. Two patients underwent a TVT procedure after TVT-S because of recurrence. No patients reported severe pain; the mean (SD) visual analog scale pain score was 1.8 (1.2) after surgery. Only 1 patient (3%) was found to have sling erosion at 12 months postoperatively. The I-QOL score was 28.3 (14.2) before surgery and increased to 69.5 (18.9) at 12 months after the TVT-S procedure. The I-QOL score improved significantly after surgery (p <.001). The total PISQ-12 score at 6 months after surgery in all sexually active patients was 33.82 (0.87), compared with 31.57 (1.20) before surgery (p <.05). Physical domain scores on the PISQ-12 demonstrated significant improvement, increasing from 12.61 (0.75) to 14.36 (0.49) (p <.05). No significant difference was found between I-QOL and PISQ-12 scores at 6 and 12 months after surgery. There was no significant difference in total PISQ-12 scores in premenopausal patients before and after surgery (p >.05).

CONCLUSIONS: Although the objective cure rate was not high, the TVT-S procedure is a minimally invasive, safe, and effective surgical procedure for treatment of SUI (high urethral mobility) and can improve the quality of life and sexual function in women with SUI.

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