Lactobacillus plantarum strains as potential probiotic cultures with cholesterol-lowering activity

Ying Huang, Xiaojun Wang, Jinfeng Wang, Fei Wu, Yujie Sui, Longfei Yang, Zonggui Wang
Journal of Dairy Science 2013, 96 (5): 2746-53
Elevated blood cholesterol is an important risk factor associated with atherosclerosis and coronary heart disease. The search for mediators that fine-tune cholesterol homeostasis has revealed lactic acid bacteria (LAB) to be potentially beneficial. The aim of the present study was to identify and characterize probiotic strains with bile salt hydrolase activity from kefir grains and evaluate their potential use as cholesterol-reducing probiotics in rats. Two isolates, Lp09 and Lp45, obtained from kefir grains were identified as Lactobacillus plantarum via molecular typing methods. Lactobacillus plantarum Lp09 and Lp45 exhibited excellent tolerance to low pH levels and high bile salt concentrations and showed potential bile salt hydrolase activity, bile salt deconjugation activity, and cholesterol coprecipitation ability. Additionally, the potential effect of Lb. plantarum Lp09 and Lp45 on plasma cholesterol levels was evaluated in Sprague-Dawley rats. Rats in 3 treatment groups were fed different experimental diets: a high-cholesterol diet, a high-cholesterol diet plus Lb. plantarum Lp09, or a high-cholesterol diet plus Lb. plantarum Lp45 for 4 wk. Total cholesterol, triglyceride, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels in serum as well as cholesterol and triglyceride levels in liver were significantly decreased in the LAB-treated rats compared with rats fed a high-cholesterol diet without LAB supplementation. Also, both fecal cholesterol and bile acid levels were significantly increased after LAB administration. No significant changes were detected in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels. These results suggest that the Lb. plantarum Lp09 and Lp45 strains present the potential to be explored as probiotic agents for the management of hypercholesterolemia.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"