Patients with severe aortic stenosis and reduced ejection fraction: earlier recovery of left ventricular systolic function after transcatheter aortic valve implantation compared with surgical valve replacement

Fabrice Bauer, Véronique Coutant, Mathieu Bernard, Dimitri Stepowski, Christophe Tron, Alain Cribier, Jean-Paul Bessou, Hélène Eltchaninoff
Echocardiography 2013, 30 (8): 865-70

BACKGROUND: Only 50% of patients with aortic stenosis (AS) and low ejection fraction (EF) improve their contractility after surgical aortic valve replacement (AVR). Long-term prognosis of these patients is strongly correlated to EF recovery after the surgery. The aim of this study was to compare the postoperative left ventricular function recovery in patients with severe AS and reduced EF after AVR and transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI).

METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-one patients undergoing AVR for severe AS (<1 cm²) and reduced EF (<45%) were echocardiographically compared with 31 patients treated with TAVI by conventional and two-dimensional (2D) strain method. TAVI patients were older (83 ± 6 vs. 74 ± 13 years, P < 0.001), had more comorbidities (Euroscore 26 ± 15% vs. 16 ± 12%, P < 0.001) and no differences in ischemic heart disease (16.1% vs. 9.5%, P = 0.39). EF was similar in both groups at baseline. Aortic valve area significantly increased (P = 0.01) while pressure gradient decreased (P = 0.009) after both procedures but TAVI was associated with a better EF recovery compared with AVR at day 7. Regional function assessed by radial 2D strain increased in TAVI group but was transiently deteriorated in AVR patients (P < 0.05). Longitudinal as well as circumferential 2D strain progressively increased at follow-up in both groups (P < 0.05). EF was similar in both groups at 3-month follow-up.

CONCLUSION: In patients with severe AS and reduced EF, TAVI is associated with faster and better recovery of LV function compared with AVR.

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