[Anterior approaches to the acetabulum]

M J B Keel, J D Bastian, L Büchler, K-A Siebenrock
Der Unfallchirurg 2013, 116 (3): 213-20
Since the 1960s the ilioinguinal approach by Letournel with the three anatomic windows has been successfully established for the treatment of acetabular fractures involving predominantly the anterior column. The previous standard approach, the iliofemoral approach by Smith-Petersen, is still used for the therapy of anterior wall or isolated femoral head fractures. The increase in acetabular fractures in the elderly with lateral compression fractures after lateral falls, characterized by medial displacement of the quadrilateral plate and superomedial dome impaction, led to the use of the intrapelvic modified Stoppa approach with or without the first window of the ilioinguinal approach in the 1990s. To combine the advantages of the second and third windows of the ilioinguinal approach and the medial view of the modified Stoppa approach the Berne research group recently introduced the pararectus approach in acetabular surgery, which can be used as a less invasive acetabular surgical (LIAS) technique especially in the elderly.

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