True complete left bundle branch block morphology strongly predicts good response to cardiac resynchronization therapy

Yun Tian, Ping Zhang, Xuebin Li, Ying Gao, Tiangang Zhu, Long Wang, Ding Li, Jiayu Wang, Cuizhen Yuan, Jihong Guo
Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology 2013, 15 (10): 1499-506

AIMS: To determine whether patients with congestive heart failure and true left bundle branch block (LBBB) morphology have better response to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) than do patients without true LBBB.

METHODS AND RESULTS: We defined true LBBB as conventional LBBB plus QRS duration ≥ 130 ms and mid-QRS notching/slurring in at least two of the leads I, aVL, V1, V2, V5, or V6. We prospectively enrolled 58 patients with heart failure and allocated them to three groups: true LBBB (t-LBBB, n = 22); non-true LBBB (nt-LBBB, LBBB with no notch or notches in fewer than two of the leads, n = 17); and non-specific intraventricular conduction delay (IVCD, n = 19). At 6 month follow-up, mean absolute increases in left ventricular ejection fraction were 16.0% ± 11.6% in t-LBBB, 8.1% ± 11.2% in nt-LBBB (P = 0.02), and 3.3% ± 7.8% in IVCD (P < 0.001, t-LBBB vs. IVCD) and changes in mean New York Heart Association class were -1.2 ± 0.6 in t-LBBB, -0.8 ± 0.6 in nt-LBBB (P = 0.071), and -0.5 ± 0.6 in IVCD (P = 0.01, t-LBBB vs. IVCD). All patients with t-LBBB were responders, some were super-responders. Multivariate analysis showed that t-LBBB (odds ratio, OR, 11.680; 95% confidence interval, CI, 1.966-69.390; P = 0.007) and left ventricular end-diastolic dimension (OR, 0.891; 95% CI, 0.797-0.996; P = 0.043) are independent predictors of super-response to CRT.

CONCLUSION: In patients with conventional wider LBBB morphology, the presence of mid-QRS notching or slurring is a strong predictor of better response to CRT.

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