Characterization of a blend-biosurfactant of glycolipid and lipopeptide produced by Bacillus subtilis TU2 isolated from underground oil-extraction wastewater

Fangyu Cheng, Cheng Tang, Huan Yang, Huimin Yu, Yu Chen, Zhongyao Shen
Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 2013, 23 (3): 390-6
Biosurfactants have versatile properties and potential industrial applications. A new producer, B. subtilis TU2, was isolated from the underground oil-extraction wastewater of Shengli Oilfield, China. Preliminary flask culture showed that the titer of biosurfactant obtained from the broth of TU2 was ~1.5 g/l at 48 h (718 mg/l after purification), with a reduced surface tension of 32.5 mN/m. The critical micelle concentration was measured as 50 mg/l and the surface tension maintained stability in solution with 50 g/l NaCl and 16 g/l CaCl(2) after 5 days of incubation at 70°C. FT-IR spectra exhibited the structure information of both glycolipid and lipopeptide. MALDI-TOF-MS analyses confirmed that the biosurfactant produced by B. subtilis TU2 was a blend of glycolipid and lipopeptide, including rhamnolipid, surfactin, and fengycin. The blended biosurfactant showed 86% of oil-washing efficiency and fine emulsification activity on crude oil, suggesting its potential application in enhanced oil recovery.

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