[Experimental research on prevention and treatment of fatty liver rats with Abrus cantoniensis]

Qin Zhang, Hong-bing Cai, Zhi-xian Mo, Jue Shi, Xue-gang Sun, Qiu-xian Peng, Ming-hui Yang
Zhong Yao Cai, Zhongyaocai, Journal of Chinese Medicinal Materials 2012, 35 (9): 1450-5

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of Abrus cantoniensis (AC) on blood lipid metabolism, pathomorphological change of the liver and fenestrae of liver sinus endothelial cell (LSEC) in fatty liver disease rats.

METHODS: SD rats were divided into 7 groups: blank control group,fatty liver model group, simvastatin group (7.2 mg/kg), Gynostemma pentaphyllum group (16.2 mg/kg), high dose (40 g/kg), middle dose (20 g/kg) and low dose (10 g/kg) of AC groups. All rats except blank control group were fed with high fat diet for the first 3 weeks, then treated with different conditions as previously mentioned for the next 3 weeks while keep on feeding with high fat diet. At the 43rd day,the abdominal aortic blood was collected for measuring the serum concentration of AST, ALT, TC, TG, HDL-C, LDL-C, and liver tissues were taken to make pathological sections for observation by optical microscope or were prepared for scanning electronic microscope.

RESULTS: The levels of AST, ALT, TC, TG, LDL-C were obviously decreased while HDL-C were increased in fatty liver rats by AC high dose. Meanwhile the cell morphology of liver tissues and the fenestraes of LSEC were improved as well.

CONCLUSION: AC can ameliorate the levels of blood lipid in fatty liver rats and improve the pathological change of liver tissues. To some extent AC has the function of prevention and treatment of fatty liver.

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