Efficacy and safety of indacaterol and tiotropium in COPD patients according to dyspnoea severity

Donald A Mahler, Roland Buhl, David Lawrence, Danny McBryan
Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics 2013, 26 (3): 348-55

BACKGROUND: Guidelines for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) recommend that treatment choices be based partly on symptoms.

METHODS: A post-hoc analysis of pooled data from clinical studies compared the efficacy and safety of once-daily inhaled bronchodilators indacaterol (150 and 300 μg) and open-label tiotropium (18 μg) according to baseline dyspnoea severity on the modified Medical Research Council (mMRC) scale in patients with COPD (mMRC scores <2 = 'less dyspnoea'; scores ≥2 = 'more dyspnoea'). Outcomes were assessed after 26 weeks.

RESULTS: The analysis included 3177 patients. In patients with less dyspnoea: indacaterol (both doses) improved 24-h post-dose ('trough') forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1), transition dyspnoea index (TDI) and St George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) total scores at week 26 and reduced the risk of COPD exacerbations vs placebo; and open-label tiotropium improved trough FEV1 and TDI total score vs placebo at week 26. In patients with more dyspnoea: indacaterol (both doses) improved trough FEV1, TDI and SGRQ total scores at week 26; indacaterol 300 μg was the only treatment to improve the TDI total score by more than the minimum clinically important difference (≥1 point) vs placebo; and open-label tiotropium improved trough FEV1, TDI total score at week 26 and decreased the risk of COPD exacerbations vs placebo. In both subgroups, all treatments were well tolerated.

CONCLUSIONS: In patients with less dyspnoea, all treatments had similar effects. Indacaterol 300 μg may be a useful treatment option for patients with COPD who experience more severe breathlessness.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"