JOURNAL ARTICLE

Viral fitness cost prevents HIV-1 from evading dolutegravir drug pressure

Thibault Mesplède, Peter K Quashie, Nathan Osman, Yingshan Han, Diane N Singhroy, Yolanda Lie, Christos J Petropoulos, Wei Huang, Mark A Wainberg
Retrovirology 2013, 10: 22
23432922

BACKGROUND: Clinical studies have shown that integrase strand transfer inhibitors can be used to treat HIV-1 infection. Although the first-generation integrase inhibitors are susceptible to the emergence of resistance mutations that impair their efficacy in therapy, such resistance has not been identified to date in drug-naïve patients who have been treated with the second-generation inhibitor dolutegravir. During previous in vitro selection study, we identified a R263K mutation as the most common substitution to arise in the presence of dolutegravir with H51Y arising as a secondary mutation. Additional experiments reported here provide a plausible explanation for the absence of reported dolutegravir resistance among integrase inhibitor-naïve patients to date.

RESULTS: We now show that H51Y in combination with R263K increases resistance to dolutegravir but is accompanied by dramatic decreases in both enzymatic activity and viral replication.

CONCLUSIONS: Since H51Y and R263K may define a unique resistance pathway to dolutegravir, our results are consistent with the absence of resistance mutations in antiretroviral drug-naive patients treated with this drug.

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