JOURNAL ARTICLE

Regulation of mitophagy by the Gp78 E3 ubiquitin ligase

Min Fu, Pascal St-Pierre, Jay Shankar, Peter T C Wang, Bharat Joshi, Ivan R Nabi
Molecular Biology of the Cell 2013, 24 (8): 1153-62
23427266
Glycoprotein 78 (Gp78) is a critical E3 ubiquitin ligase in endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation. Overexpression of Flag-tagged Gp78 (Flag-gp78), but not Flag-gp78 mutated in its RING-finger domain (Flag-RINGmut) with deficient ubiquitin ligase activity, induces mitochondrial fragmentation and ubiquitination and proteasome-dependent degradation of the mitofusin (Mfn) mitochondrial fusion factors Mfn1/Mfn2. After mitochondrial depolarization with carbonyl cyanide m-chlorophenylhydrazone (CCCP), Flag-gp78 induced a threefold loss of depolarized mitochondria and significant loss of the inner mitochondrial protein OxPhosV. Flag-gp78-dependent loss of OxPhosV, but not Mfn1 or Mfn2, was prevented by small interfering RNA (siRNA) knockdown of the autophagy protein Atg5 in CCCP-treated cells. Gp78-induced mitophagy required ubiquitin ligase activity, as it is not observed upon transfection of Flag-RINGmut or cotransfection of Flag-gp78 with ubiquitin mutated at three critical lysine residues (K29, 48, 63R) involved in polyubiquitin chain elongation. Short hairpin RNA knockdown of Gp78 in HT-1080 fibrosarcoma cells increased mitofusin levels and reduced depolarization-induced mitophagy, whereas siRNA knockdown showed that Mfn1, but not Mfn2, was required for Gp78-dependent depolarization-induced mitophagy. Mitochondrial depolarization induced Gp78-dependent expression of the autophagic marker LC3II and recruitment of enhanced green fluorescent protein-LC3 to the Gp78- and calnexin-labeled, mitochondria-associated ER. Finally, Gp78-induced mitophagy is Parkin independent, as it occurs in Parkin-null HeLa cells and upon siRNA-mediated Parkin knockdown in HEK293 cells. This study therefore describes a novel role for the ER-associated Gp78 ubiquitin ligase and the Mfn1 mitochondrial fusion factor in mitophagy.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
23427266
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"