JOURNAL ARTICLE

Reduced CD18 levels drive regulatory T cell conversion into Th17 cells in the CD18hypo PL/J mouse model of psoriasis

Kamayani Singh, Martina Gatzka, Thorsten Peters, Lisa Borkner, Adelheid Hainzl, Honglin Wang, Anca Sindrilaru, Karin Scharffetter-Kochanek
Journal of Immunology 2013 March 15, 190 (6): 2544-53
23418628
Defective development and function of CD4(+)CD25(high+)Foxp3(+) regulatory T cells (Tregs) contribute to the pathogenesis of psoriasis and other autoimmune diseases. Little is known about the influence of adhesions molecules on the differentiation of Foxp3(+) Tregs into proinflammatory Th17 cells occurring in lesional skin and blood of psoriasis patients. In the CD18(hypo) PL/J mouse model of psoriasis, reduced expression of CD18/β2 integrin to 2-16% of wild-type levels is associated with progressive loss of Tregs, impaired cell-cell contact between Tregs and dendritic cells (DCs), as well as Treg dysfunction as reported earlier. In the present investigation, Tregs derived from CD18(hypo) PL/J mice were analyzed for their propensity to differentiate into IL-17-producing Th17 cells in vivo and in in vitro Treg-DC cocultures. Adoptively transferred CD18(hypo) PL/J Tregs were more inclined toward conversion into IL-17-producing Th17 cells in vivo in an inflammatory as well as noninflammatory environment compared with CD18(wt) PL/J Tregs. Addition of neutralizing Ab against CD18 to Treg-DC cocultures in vitro promoted conversion of CD18(wt) PL/J Tregs to Th17 cells in a dose-dependent manner similar to conversion rates of CD18(hypo) PL/J Tregs. Reduced thymic output of naturally occurring Tregs and peripheral conversion of Tregs into Th17 cells therefore both contribute to the loss of Tregs and the psoriasiform dermatitis observed in CD18(hypo) PL/J mice. Our data overall indicate that CD18 expression levels impact Treg development as well as Treg plasticity and that differentiation of Tregs into IL-17-producing Th17 cells is distinctly facilitated by a subtotal deficiency of CD18.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
23418628
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"