JOURNAL ARTICLE
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL

Resistance to APC and SHBG levels during use of a four-phasic oral contraceptive containing dienogest and estradiol valerate: a randomized controlled trial

M Raps, F Rosendaal, B Ballieux, J Rosing, S Thomassen, F Helmerhorst, H van Vliet
Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH 2013, 11 (5): 855-61
23410231

BACKGROUND: The use of combined oral contraceptives is associated with a 3- to 6-fold increased risk of venous thrombosis. This increased risk depends on the estrogen dose as well as the progestogen type of combined oral contraceptives. Thrombin generation-based activated protein C resistance (APC resistance) and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) levels predict the thrombotic risk of a combined hormonal contraceptive. Recently, a four-phasic oral contraceptive containing dienogest (DNG) and estradiol valerate (E2V) has been marketed. The aim of this study was to evaluate the thrombotic risk of the DNG/E2V oral contraceptive by comparing APC resistance by measuring normalized APC sensitivity ratios (nAPCsr) and SHBG levels in users of oral contraceptives containing dienogest and estradiol valerate (DNG/E2V) and oral contraceptives containing levonorgestrel and ethinyl estradiol (LNG/EE).

METHODS: We conducted a single-center, randomized, open label, parallel-group study in 74 women using DNG/E2V or LNG/EE, and measured nAPCsr and SHBG levels in every phase of the regimen of DNG/E2V.

RESULTS: During the pill cycle SHBG levels did not differ between DNG/E2V users and LNG/EE users. nAPCsr levels were overall slightly lower in DNG/E2V users than in LNG/EE users, mean difference -0.44 (95% CI, -1.04 to 0.17) for day 2, -0.20 (95% CI, -0.76 to 0.37) for day 7, -0.27 (95% CI, -0.81 to 0.28) for day 24 and -0.34 (95% CI, -0.91 to 0.24) for day 26.

CONCLUSION: No statistical significant differences in nAPCsr and SHBG levels were found between users of the oral contraceptive containing DNG/E2V and LNG/EE, suggesting a comparable thrombotic risk.

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