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Non-operative treatment of peroneal split syndrome: a case report.

Peroneal split syndrome refers to longitudinal tearing of the peroneus brevis tendon at the level of the retrofibular groove. It is an increasingly recognized, albeit frequently overlooked, cause of lateral ankle pain. Several surgical options have been documented for managing this entity, however there are no reports emphasizing the role of conservative treatment. A 48-year-old male patient presented to our department with persistent lateral ankle and hindfoot pain over the past 9 months, following an inversion injury to his right ankle. Magnetic Resonance Imaging demonstrated a longitudinal split of the peroneus brevis tendon. Following peroneus brevis targeted physical therapy, the patient remains symptom free 34 months after his injury. Diagnostic diligence is required in order to direct treatment to the diseased peroneus brevis tendon, thus avoiding prolonged morbidity. A trial of conservative treatment in lower-demand middle aged patients should be considered.

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