[Vitamin D as a cardiovascular risk factor in workers]

R Crapanzano, L Vigna, A S Tirelli, D Sommaruga, L Cassinelli, P A Bertazzi, L Riboldi
Giornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro Ed Ergonomia 2012, 34 (3): 196-8
Numerous evidence suggests that vitamin D deficiency is implicated in the development of cardiovascular risk. It has been investigated the relationship between cardiovascular risk factors and vitamin D concentrations in 264 consecutive workers from Centro Obesità e Lavoro della Clinica del Lavoro di Milano. For these studies, glicometaboliche analysis, anthropometric measurements and impedance evalutation were performed and questionnaires to estimate nutrient levels in the diet were administered. The levels of vitamin D are found to be deficient in 166 patients (less than 20 ng/mL), insufficient in 63 patients (less than 30 ng/mL) and optimal for the remaining 35 patients. A significant negative association was observed between the concentrations of vitamin D and cardiovascular risk factors (HOMA ratio and TG/HDL) ratios and BMI. Vitamin D is a cardiovascular risk factor "corrected" for example by changing the eating habits of workers.

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