The Association between Urinary Tract Infection and Idiopathic Hypercalciuria in Children

Hikmet Tekin Nacaroglu, Gülay Demircin, Mehmet Bülbül, Ozlem Erdogan, Sare Gülfem Akyüz, Aysun Caltik
Renal Failure 2013, 35 (3): 327-32
Background: Identifying the risk factors is important in prevention of urinary tract infections (UTIs) in children. The aim of this study is to evaluate the association of UTI and idiopathic hypercalciuria (IHC). Methods: Two hundred and twenty-four children aged between 1 month and 16 years and diagnosed to have UTI were evaluated for urinary calcium excretion. The children were diagnosed to have IHC if their urinary calcium/creatinine ratios in at least two different spot urine samples were >0.6 between 0-1 year old and ≥0.21 over 1 year or daily calcium excretion >4 mg/kg. Results: The frequency of IHC was found to be 16.7%. Family history of urolithiasis, parental consanguinity, presentation with abdominal pain, loss of appetite, and discomfort were found to be significantly higher in the IHC group. No association was found between IHC and the recurrence of UTI, presence of vesicoureteral reflux, renal scar formation, and the prognosis. Conclusions: IHC should be considered among the risk factors for UTI and should be investigated particularly in patients with family history of urinary stones and suggestive complaints of IHC.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"