Intrathoracic subclavian artery aneurysm repair in the thoracic endovascular aortic repair era

Nicholas D Andersen, Michael E Barfield, Jennifer M Hanna, Asad A Shah, Cynthia K Shortell, Richard L McCann, G Chad Hughes
Journal of Vascular Surgery 2013, 57 (4): 915-25

OBJECTIVE: Intrathoracic subclavian artery aneurysms (SAAs) are rare aneurysms that often occur in association with congenital aortic arch anomalies and/or concomitant thoracic aortic pathology. The advent of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) methods may complement or replace conventional open SAA repair. Herein, we describe our experience with SAA repair in the TEVAR era.

METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of all intrathoracic SAAs repaired at a single institution since United States Food and Drug Administration approval of TEVAR in 2005.

RESULTS: Nineteen patients underwent 20 operations to repair 22 (13 native, nine aberrant) SAAs with an intrathoracic component. Mean SAA diameter was 3.1 cm (range, 1.6-6.0 cm). Mean patient age was 57 years (range, 24-80 years). Twenty-one percent (n = 4) of patients had a connective tissue disorder (two Loeys-Dietz, two Marfan). Thirty-six percent (n = 8) of SAAs were repaired by open techniques and 64% (n = 14) via a TEVAR-based approach. All TEVAR cases required proximal landing zone in the aortic arch (zone 0-2), and revascularization of at least one arch vessel was required in 83% (10/12) of patients. Concomitant repair of associated aortic pathology was performed in 50% (n = 10) of operations. Thirty-day/in-hospital rates of death, stroke, and permanent paraplegia/paraparesis were 5% (n = 1), 5% (n = 1), and 0%, respectively. Over mean (standard deviation) follow-up of 24 (21) months, 16% (n = 3) of patients required reintervention for subclavian artery bypass graft revision (n = 2) or type II endoleak (n = 1).

CONCLUSIONS: This is the largest single-institution series to date of TEVAR for SAA repair. Modern endovascular techniques expand SAA repair options with excellent results. The majority of SAAs and nearly all aberrant SAAs (Kommerell's diverticulum) can now be repaired using a TEVAR-based approach without the need for sternotomy or thoracotomy.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"