JOURNAL ARTICLE

Cerebral critical closing pressure and CO2 responses during the progression toward syncope

K A Zuj, P Arbeille, J K Shoemaker, R L Hughson
Journal of Applied Physiology 2013 March 15, 114 (6): 801-7
23372147
Syncope from sustained orthostasis results from cerebral hypoperfusion associated with reductions in arterial pressure at the level of the brain (BPMCA) and reductions in arterial CO2 as reflected by end-tidal values (PetCO2). It was hypothesized that reductions in PetCO2 increase cerebrovascular tone before a drop in BPMCA that ultimately leads to syncope. Twelve men (21-42 yr of age) completed an orthostatic tolerance test consisting of head-up tilt and progressive lower body negative pressure to presyncope, before and after completing 5 days of continuous head-down bed rest (HDBR). Cerebral blood velocity (CBFV), BPMCA, and PetCO2 were continuously recorded throughout the test. Cerebrovascular indicators, cerebrovascular resistance, critical closing pressure (CrCP), and resistance area product (RAP), were calculated. Comparing from supine baseline to 6-10 min after the start of tilt, there were reductions in CBFV, PetCO2, BPMCA, and CrCP, an increase in RAP, and no change in cerebrovascular resistance index. Over the final 15 min before syncope in the pre-HDBR tests, CBFV and CrCP were significantly related to changes in PetCO2 (r = 0.69 ± 0.17 and r = 0.63 ± 0.20, respectively), and BPMCA, which was not reduced until the last minute of the test, was correlated with a reduction in RAP (r = 0.91 ± 0.09). Post-HDBR, tilt tolerance was markedly reduced, and changes in CBFV were dominated by a greater reduction in BPMCA with no relationships to PetCO2. Therefore, pre-HDBR, changes in PetCO2 with orthostasis contributed to increases in cerebrovascular tone and reductions in CBFV during the progression toward syncope, whereas, after 5 days of HDBR, orthostatic responses were dominated by changes in BPMCA.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
23372147
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"