Comparing adaptive algorithms to measure temporal gait parameters using lower body mounted inertial sensors

Matthew R Patterson, Brian Caulfield
Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society 2012, 2012: 4509-12
The purpose of this research was to compare different adaptive algorithms in terms of their ability to determine temporal gait parameters based on data acquired from inertial measurement units (IMUs). Eight subjects performed 25 walking trials over a force plate under five different conditions; normal, fast, slow, simulated stiff ankle and simulated stiff knee walking. Data from IMUs worn on the shanks and on the feet were used to identify temporal gait features using three different adaptive algorithms (Green, Selles & Sabatini). Each method's ability to estimate temporal events was compared to the gold standard force plate method for stance time (Greene, r= .990, Selles, r= 0.865, Sabatini, r= 0.980) and double support time (Greene, r= .837, Selles, r= .583, Sabatini, r= .745). The Greene method of estimating gait events from inertial sensor data resulted in the most accurate stance and double support times.

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