JOURNAL ARTICLE

Prediction of visual outcomes after open globe injury in children: a 17-year Canadian experience

Howard Bunting, Derek Stephens, Kamiar Mireskandari
Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus 2013, 17 (1): 43-8
23363881

PURPOSE: To analyze the predictive value of ocular trauma scoring systems for open globe injury in children, to determine risk factors for poor visual outcome, and to assess circumstances under which trauma occurs.

METHODS: The medical records of patients <18 years of age who presented with open globe injuries from January 1992 to December 2009 were examined retrospectively. Information recorded included demographic profile; date, time, and place of injury; cause and extent of injury; complications; and final best-corrected visual acuity. Injuries were classified by Ocular Trauma Classification Group guidelines.

RESULTS: A total of 131 patients were included. Final best-corrected visual acuity was ≥20/40 in 74 patients (56.5%) after mean follow-up of 24.8 months. Injuries occurred more commonly in boys (98/131), and 45% of injuries occurred in children aged ≤5 years (P = 0.001). Injuries were more common indoors (P = 0.003), in the afternoon (P < 0.001), and on Saturdays and Mondays (P = 0.004). Multiple regression analysis identified risk factors for final best-corrected visual acuity <20/40: age <5 years, injuries with retrolimbal involvement, wound length >5 mm, globe rupture, vitreous hemorrhage, and retinal detachment (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: Visual outcomes after pediatric open globe injury in this study compare favorably to results reported previously. Knowledge of weekly fluctuations in occurrence may help guide development of prevention strategies. Age <5 years is an independent risk factor for a poorer outcome. The ocular trauma score is useful in assessing prognosis after pediatric open globe injury.

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