JOURNAL ARTICLE

The successful use of simple tube duodenostomy in large duodenal perforations from varied etiologies

Onur C Kutlu, Steven Garcia, Sharmila Dissanaike
International Journal of Surgery Case Reports 2013, 4 (3): 279-82
23357008

INTRODUCTION: Tube decompression of the duodenum is an old but underutilized technique known to decrease morbidity and mortality in patients with difficult to manage duodenal injuries. Broad arrays of techniques have been described in the literature and are reviewed, but most are complex procedures not appropriate for the management of an unstable patient.

PRESENTATION OF CASE: In this paper we describe the technique of tube duodenostomy and the successful application in three cases of large defects (>3cm) which two of these cases had failed previous repair attempts. The defects were caused by very different etiologies, including blunt trauma, peptic ulcer disease and erosion from cancer. All were finally managed by application of tube duodenostomy with success.

DISCUSSION: Patients with "difficult to manage duodenum" usually present with hemodynamic instability with hostile abdomen. Complex procedures in an unstable patient are associated with adverse outcomes. In patients with significant comorbidities and instability the damage control principle of trauma surgery is gaining popularity. Tube duodenostomy technique described in this paper fits in well with that principle.

CONCLUSION: Application of tube duodenostomy instead of a complex procedure in an unstable patient provides an opportunity to stabilize the patient, converting an impending catastrophe to a future scheduled surgery.

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