JOURNAL ARTICLE

Obliterative LeFort colpocleisis in a large group of elderly women

Salomon Zebede, Aimee L Smith, Leon N Plowright, Aparna Hegde, Vivian C Aguilar, G Willy Davila
Obstetrics and Gynecology 2013, 121 (2 Pt 1): 279-84
23344277

OBJECTIVE: To report on anatomical and functional outcomes, patient satisfaction, and associated morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing LeFort colpocleisis.

METHODS: This was a retrospective case series of LeFort colpocleisis performed from January 2000 to October 2011. Data obtained from a urogynecologic database included demographics, comorbidities, medications, and urinary and bowel symptoms. Prolapse was quantified using the pelvic organ prolapse quantification (POP-Q) examination. Operative characteristics were recorded. All patients underwent pelvic examination and POP-Q assessment at follow-up visits. Patients also were asked about urinary and bowel symptoms as well as overall satisfaction. All intraoperative and postoperative surgical complications were recorded.

RESULTS: Three hundred twenty-five patients underwent LeFort colpocleisis. Fifteen patients were excluded from the analysis because of incomplete data. The mean age was 81.3±5.3 years. Comorbidities were common, with 74.1% of the patients having at least one concomitant medical condition. The procedure was performed under spinal anesthesia in 67%. Additional procedures at the time of colpocleisis included incontinence procedures (79%) and dilation and curettage (46%). Mean follow-up was 45 (range 2-392) weeks. Anatomical success rate was 98.1% and patients were highly satisfied, with 92.9% reported being "cured" or "greatly improved." Complication and mortality rates were 15.2% and 1.3%, respectively.

CONCLUSION: Colpocleisis is an effective and low-risk procedure with high anatomical success rates and patient satisfaction. Associated morbidity and mortality related to the procedure are low. Colpocleisis remains an excellent surgical option for the elderly patient with advanced pelvic organ prolapse.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: III.

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