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Evaluation of immunoglobulin adsorption on the hydrophobic charge-induction resins with different ligand densities and pore sizes

Hui-Li Lu, Dong-Qiang Lin, Dong Gao, Shan-Jing Yao
Journal of Chromatography. A 2013 February 22, 1278: 61-8
23336945
Hydrophobic charge-induction chromatography (HCIC) is a novel technology for antibody purification. The ligand densities and pore properties of HCIC resins have significant effects on the separation behavior of protein, however, the understandings are quite limited. In the present work, new HCIC ligand, 2-mercapto-1-methylimidazole (MMI) was coupled to three agarose matrices with different pore sizes. A series of MMI resins with different ligand density and pore size was prepared by the control of ligand coupling. The adsorption isotherms and kinetics on the series of MMI resins were investigated with bovine serum immunoglobulin as the model IgG, and the effects of salt addition were studied. The Langmuir equation and pore diffusion model were used to fit the experimental data, and the influences of ligand density, pore size and salt addition on the saturated adsorption capacity, the dissociation constant and the effective diffusivity were discussed. It was found that the adsorption capacities and the effective pore diffusion coefficient increased with the increase of ligand density and pore size. The effects of salt addition on the adsorption behaviors were dependent on the ligand density. For low ligand density the IgG adsorption was salt-promoted, while the resins with high ligand density showed a salt-independent property. The results indicated that for a given protein the ligand density and pore size of HCIC resins should be optimized for improving the protein adsorption.

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