The effect of medicaments used in endodontic regeneration on root fracture and microhardness of radicular dentine

G H Yassen, M M Vail, T G Chu, J A Platt
International Endodontic Journal 2013, 46 (7): 688-95

AIM: To investigate the effect of medicaments used in endodontic regeneration on root fracture resistance and microhardness of radicular dentine.

METHODOLOGY: The root canals of mandibular premolars (n = 180) were instrumented and randomized into three treatment groups and an untreated control group. Each treatment group received either triple antibiotic paste (TAP), double antibiotic paste (DAP) or calcium hydroxide paste [Ca(OH)₂] intracanal medicament. Teeth were kept in saline for 1 week, 1 month or 3 months. After each time-point, 15 teeth were randomly selected from each group and two root cylinders were obtained from each tooth. One cylinder was subjected to a fracture resistance test, and the other cylinder was used for a microhardness test. Two-way ANOVA and Tukey's pairwise comparisons were used for statistical analysis.

RESULTS: For the microhardness test, the two-way interaction between group and time was significant (P < 0.001). The intracanal application of TAP and DAP caused significant and continuous decrease in root dentine microhardness after one (P < 0.05) and 3 months (P < 0.001), respectively. The three-month intracanal application of Ca(OH)₂ significantly increased the microhardness of root dentine (P < 0.05). The time factor had a significant effect on fracture resistance (P < 0.001). The three intracanal medicaments caused significant decreases in fracture resistance ranging between 19% and 30% after 3-month application compared to 1-week application.

CONCLUSION: In this laboratory study, the 3-month application of triple antibiotic paste, double antibiotic paste or calcium hydroxide paste medicaments significantly reduced the root fracture resistance of extracted teeth compared to a 1-week application.

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