Effect of uterine preservation on outcome of laparoscopic uterosacral suspension

Nicholas D Bedford, Elvis I Seman, Robert T O'Shea, Marc J N C Keirse
Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology 2013, 20 (2): 172-7

STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare the objective outcome of laparoscopic uterosacral hysteropexy with that of hysterectomy combined with laparoscopic uterosacral colpopexy.

DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study, 1999-2010 (Canadian Task Force classification II-2).

SETTING: University hospital in South Australia.

PATIENTS: Women with uterovaginal prolapse who had undergone laparoscopic uterosacral hysteropexy (n = 104) or laparovaginal hysterectomy with uterosacral colpopexy (n = 160). Apical suspension procedures were subdivided into prophylactic (Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification System [POP-Q] stage 1 apical descent, with stage ≥2 prolapse in an adjacent compartment) and therapeutic (POP-Q stage ≥2 apical descent, with or without adjacent compartment prolapse).

INTERVENTIONS: All patients were assessed via POP-Q scoring preoperatively and postoperatively at 6 weeks, 6 months, annually, and then biannually. Recurrence of bulge symptoms and need for repeat treatment were recorded.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Demographic data, preoperative degree of prolapse, and percentages of prophylactic and therapeutic procedures were similar in both groups. With a median follow-up of 2.5 years, objective success rates (POP-Q stage <2 in all compartments) for uterosacral hysteropexy were 53% for prophylactic procedures and 41% for therapeutic procedures, and for hysterectomy with uterosacral colpopexy were 66% for prophylactic procedures and 59% for therapeutic procedures. Repeat operation rates overall were 28% for hysteropexy and 21% for hysterectomy with colpopexy. Failures at the apex specifically were 27% for hysteropexy and 11% for hysterectomy with colpopexy (p < .02).

CONCLUSION: Hysterectomy with laparoscopic uterosacral colpopexy produced better objective success rates than did laparoscopic uterosacral hysteropexy; however, repeat operation rates were not significantly different.

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