COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Comparison of human mesenchymal stem cells derived from adipose and cord tissue

Mahmood Saba Choudhery, Michael Badowski, Angela Muise, David T Harris
Cytotherapy 2013, 15 (3): 330-43
23318344

BACKGROUND AIMS: Stem cell therapies can provide an alternative approach for repair and regeneration of tissues and organs. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are promising candidates for cell-based therapies. Although bone marrow-derived MSCs have multi-lineage differentiation potential, bone marrow is not an optimal source because of the isolation process and low yield. The goal of this study was to investigate comparatively for the first time the in vitro regenerative potential of human MSCs from two other sources: umbilical cord tissue and adipose tissue.

METHODS: Cells from each tissue were isolated with 100% efficiency and characterized by fluorescence activated cell sorting (FACS) analysis for CD3, CD14, CD19, CD34, CD44, CD45, CD73, CD90 and CD105. Growth characteristics were investigated by population doublings, saturation density and plating efficiency. MSCs derived from both types of tissues were assessed for differentiation potential qualitatively and quantitatively.

RESULTS: FACS analysis showed no differences in expression of CD3, CD14, CD19, CD34, CD44, CD45, CD73, CD90 and CD105 between cord tissue MSCs (CT-MSCs) and adipose tissue MSCs (AT-MSCs). CT-MSCs showed more proliferative potential than AT-MSCs. When cultured in low numbers to determine colony-forming units (CFUs), CT-MSCs showed less CFUs than AT-MSCs. Cells from both sources efficiently differentiated into adipose, bone, cartilage and neuronal structures as determined with histochemistry, immunofluorescence and real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction.

CONCLUSIONS: MSCs can easily be obtained from umbilical cord and adipose tissues, and it appears that both tissues are suitable sources of stem cells for potential use in regenerative medicine.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
23318344
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"