JOURNAL ARTICLE

[Effect of adenovirus human bone morphogenetic protein 4 on human degenerative lumbar intervertebral disc cells]

Dejun Cao, Zhengxue Quan, Dianming Jiang, Xiaoji Luo, Weiyang Zhong, Gang Liu
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery 2012, 26 (12): 1442-7
23316632

OBJECTIVE: To research the transfer of adenovirus human bone morphogenetic protein 4 (Ad-hBMP-4) to human degenerative lumbar intervertebral disc cells in vitro and analyze its effect on the proteoglycan, collagen type II, and Sox9 of intervertebral disc cells.

METHODS: Identified Ad-hBMP-4 was amplified and detected. Degenerative lumbar intervertebral disc cells were aspirated from the degenerative lumbar intervertebral disc of patients with Modic III level disc protrusion (aged, 27-50 years). The expressing position of collagen type II was identified in the intervertebral disc cells through the laser confocal microscope. The intervertebral disc cells at passage 1 were transfected with Ad-hBMP-4 as experimental group. After 3 and 6 days of transfection, RT-PCR was used to detect the mRNA expressions of proteoglycan, collagen type II, and Sox9, and Western blot to detect the expressions of proteoglycan and collagen type II proteins. Non-transfected cells at passage 1 served as control group.

RESULTS: The virus titer of Ad-hBMP-4 was 5 x 10(6) PFU/mL. No morphological changes in the cells after transfection by Ad-hBMP-4. Collagen type II mainly expressed in the cell cytoplasm. The mRNA expressions of the proteoglycan, collagen type II, and Sox9 in experimental group at 3 and 6 days after transfection were significantly higher than those in control group by RT-PCR (P < 0.05), and the expressions of proteoglycan and collagen type II proteins were significantly higher than those in contorl group by Western blot (P < 0.05). There were significant differences between 3 days and 6 days in experimental group (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSION: Ad-hBMP-4 could transfect human degenerative lumbar intervertebral cells with high efficiency and promote collagen type II, proteoglycan, and Sox9 expressions. hBMP-4 may play an important role in the repair process during early disc degeneration.

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