Novel pulsatile diagonal pump for pediatric extracorporeal life support system

Shigang Wang, Allen R Kunselman, Akif Ündar
Artificial Organs 2013, 37 (1): 37-47
A novel pulsatile rotary flow pump has been used in clinical extracorporeal life support (ECLS) in Europe. The objective of this study is to evaluate the Medos Deltastream DP3 diagonal pump (Medos Medizintechnik AG, Stolberg, Germany) in a simulated pediatric ECLS system. The ECLS circuit consisted of a Medos Hilite 800LT hollow fiber membrane oxygenator (Medos Medizintechnik AG), a Medos Deltastream DP3 diagonal pump, a 10Fr Terumo TenderFlow Pediatric Arterial Cannula (Terumo Corporation, Tokyo, Japan), and an arterial/venous tubing. All trials were conducted at flow rates ranging from 200-800 mL/min (in 200 mL/min increments) under a blood temperature of 35°C using human blood (hematocrit 40%). The postcannula pressure was maintained 60 mm Hg by a Hoffman clamp. Real-time pressure and flow data were recorded using a Labview-based acquisition system (National Instruments, Austin, TX, USA). The results showed that the Medos Deltastream DP3 can generate effective pulsatile flow without backflow, provide higher flow rates and pressures than nonpulsatile flow, and then create surplus hemodynamic energy and more total hemodynamic energy than nonpulsatile flow. Pulsatility increased with increased speed differential values and flow rates, while the oxygenator pressure drop increased at an acceptable level. The Medos Deltastream DP3 diagonal pump can provide adequate quality of pulsatility without backflow, and generate more hemodynamic energy under pulsatile mode in a simulated pediatric ECLS system.

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