JOURNAL ARTICLE

(-)-Epigallocatechin-3-gallate inhibits human papillomavirus (HPV)-16 oncoprotein-induced angiogenesis in non-small cell lung cancer cells by targeting HIF-1α

Li He, Erying Zhang, Jingli Shi, Xiangyong Li, Keyuan Zhou, Qunzhou Zhang, Anh D Le, Xudong Tang
Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology 2013, 71 (3): 713-25
23292117

PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) on human papillomavirus (HPV)-16 oncoprotein-induced angiogenesis in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells and the underlying mechanisms.

METHODS: NSCLC cells (A549 and NCI-H460) transfected with EGFP plasmids containing HPV-16 E6 or E7 oncogene were treated with different concentrations of EGCG for 16 h. The effects of EGCG on angiogenesis in vitro and in vivo were observed. The expression of HIF-1α, p-Akt, and p-ERK1/2 proteins in NSCLC cells was analyzed by Western blot. The levels of HIF-1α mRNA in NSCLC cells were detected by real-time RT-PCR. The concentration of VEGF and IL-8 in the conditioned media was determined by ELISA. HIF-1α, VEGF, and CD31 expression in A549 xenografted tumors of nude mice was analyzed by immunohistochemistry.

RESULTS: HPV-16 E6 and E7 oncoproteins HIF-1α-dependently promoted angiogenesis in vitro and in vivo, which was inhibited by EGCG. Mechanistically, EGCG inhibited HPV-16 oncoprotein-induced HIF-1α protein expression but had no effect on HIF-1α mRNA expression in NSCLC cells. Additionally, 50 and 100 μmol/L of EGCG significantly reduced the secretion of VEGF and IL-8 proteins induced by HPV-16 E7 oncoprotein in NSCLC A549 cells. Meanwhile, HPV-16 E6 and E7 oncoproteins HIF-1α-dependently enhanced Akt activation in A549 cells, which was suppressed by EGCG. Furthermore, EGCG inhibited HPV-16 oncoprotein-induced HIF-1α and HIF-1α-dependent VEGF and CD31 expression in A549 xenografted tumors.

CONCLUSIONS: EGCG inhibited HPV-16 oncoprotein-induced angiogenesis conferred by NSCLC through the inhibition of HIF-1α protein expression and HIF-1α-dependent expression of VEGF, IL-8, and CD31 as well as activation of Akt, suggesting that HIF-1α may be a potential target of EGCG against HPV-related NSCLC angiogenesis.

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