JOURNAL ARTICLE

Thyroid hormone replacement therapy attenuates the decline of renal function in chronic kidney disease patients with subclinical hypothyroidism

Dong Ho Shin, Mi Jung Lee, Hye Sun Lee, Hyung Jung Oh, Kwang Il Ko, Chan Ho Kim, Fa Mee Doh, Hyang Mo Koo, Hyoung Rae Kim, Jae Hyun Han, Jung Tak Park, Seung Hyeok Han, Tae-Hyun Yoo, Shin-Wook Kang
Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association 2013, 23 (6): 654-61
23281965

BACKGROUND: Subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) is not a rare condition in females, the elderly, or patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Even though previous studies have demonstrated that thyroid hormone replacement therapy (THRT) improves cardiac function and dyslipidemia in patients with SCH, it remains unclear as to whether THRT can improve renal function in CKD patients with SCH. This study investigated the impact of THRT on changes in estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFR) in this patient population.

METHODS: A total of 113 CKD patients with SCH who were treated with L-thyroxine and had eGFR available for at least 24 months before and after THRT were enrolled between January 2005 and December 2011. A linear mixed model was used to compare patients' clinical and biochemical parameters at various time points. The slope of the decline in eGFR over time, both before and after THRT, was also calculated and compared using a linear mixed model.

RESULTS: The mean age of the study participants was 63.2±12.7 years, and 36 patients (31.9%) were men. The mean follow-up duration before and after THRT was 28.6±4.5 and 30.6±6.4 months respectively. After 24 months of THRT, serum thyrotropin (TSH) levels were significantly reduced-8.86±0.49 versus 1.41±0.73 μIU/mL, p<0.001-but there were no significant changes in triiodothyronine and free thyroxine concentrations. Serum albumin, calcium, phosphate, cholesterol, and triglyceride levels were also comparable before and after THRT. The rates of decline in eGFR were significantly attenuated by THRT (-4.31±0.51 vs.-1.08±0.36 [mL/min]/[year·1.73 m²], p<0.001), even after adjustment for age, sex, diabetes, mean arterial pressure, and serum albumin, cholesterol, and triglyceride concentrations (p<0.001).

CONCLUSION: THRT attenuated the rate of decline in renal function in CKD patients with SCH, suggesting that THRT may delay reaching end-stage renal disease in these patients.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
23281965
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"