Utility of transmural myocardial strain profile for prediction of early left ventricular dysfunction in patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy

Tetsushi Yamamoto, Hidekazu Tanaka, Kensuke Matsumoto, Tomoko Lee, Hiroyuki Awano, Mariko Yagi, Takamitsu Imanishi, Nobuhide Hayashi, Yasuhiro Takeshima, Hiroya Kawai, Seiji Kawano, Ken-ichi Hirata
American Journal of Cardiology 2013 March 15, 111 (6): 902-7
Myocardial damage in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) has lethal outcomes, making early detection of myocardial changes in patients with DMD vital, because early treatment can help prevent the development of myocardial fibrosis. The aim of the present study was, therefore, to test the hypothesis that transmural strain profile (TMSP) analysis can predict future left ventricular (LV) dysfunction in patients with DMD with preserved ejection fraction. We studied 82 consecutive patients with DMD without LV wall motion abnormality, with an ejection fraction of 60 ± 5% (all ≥55%) and age 11 ± 3 years. Echocardiography was performed at baseline and 1 year of follow-up. TMSP in the posterior wall was evaluated from the mid-LV short-axis view. A normal TMSP pattern (1 peak in the endocardium, group 1) was seen in 44 patients, and TMSP with a notch (2 peaks in the endocardium, group 2) in the remaining 38 (46%). Wall motion abnormality in the posterior wall was observed in 16 patients (42%) in group 2 at 1 year of follow-up but in none of the patients in group 1 (42% vs 0%; p <0.001). Importantly, multivariate analysis showed that only TMSP with a notch (odds ratios 1.524, p <0.001) was an independent determinant of the presence of LV posterior wall motion abnormality at 1 year of follow-up. In conclusion, subclinical LV dysfunction can be detected by evaluation of TMSP in patients with DMD who do not have wall motion abnormalities by conventional echocardiography. TMSP with a notch proved effective for evaluating subtle early changes in patients with DMD and might be useful for predicting LV dysfunction.

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