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Downregulation of apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease 1/redox factor-1 enhances the sensitivity of human pancreatic cancer cells to radiotherapy in vitro

Sumei Chen, GuangSu Xiong, Shuming Wu, Jianzhong Mo
Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals 2013, 28 (2): 169-76
23268706

UNLABELLED: Abstract Background: Radiotherapy is an important treatment for the patients with advanced pancreatic cancer. Emerging studies determined apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease 1/redox factor-1 (APE1/Ref-1) might associate with the resistance of human pancreatic cancer cells to radiotherapy.

AIMS: To investigate whether downregulation of APE1/Ref-1 expression by ribonucleic acid interference would increase the sensitivity of chromic-P32 phosphate to pancreatic cancer cells.

METHODS: The plasmids containing APE-specific and unspecific short hairpin were transfected into Patu-8898 cells. Stable cell clones were selected by G418. The mRNA expression of APE1/Ref-1 was detected by semiquantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and the protein expression of APE1/Ref-1 was detected by Western blot analysis; cell proliferation was studied by 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) and colony formation assay; apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry.

RESULTS: After 24 hours irradiation, APE1/Ref-1 mRNA and protein expression were upregulated, in a concentration-dependent manner. Suppression of APE1/Ref-1 by siRNA increased the pancreatic cancer cells hypersensitive to (32)P-CP. In the combination of (32)P-CP and siRNA group, MTT assay showed that the cell inhibition increased to (74.33%±9.02%), the surviving fraction in the colony formation assay was only 25.00%, and the apoptosis rate was up to (16.77%±0.98%).

CONCLUSIONS: Knockdown APE1/Ref-1 gene expression may significantly sensitize the Patu-8988 cells to radiotherapy, which may be a useful target for modifying radiation resistance of pancreatic cancer cells to irradiation.

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